Prefixes can be added to German verbs to alter the meaning of the verb. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you A large number of adjectives/adverbs can be quickly recognized as the addition of a certain suffix to a noun or to the root of a verb, like in English. However, it has different meanings and usages. This prefix with three small letters “ent” can completely change the meaning of a verb. Every definition has examples that have been written to help you understand how the word is used. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240). While you got along with machen and maybe its siblings aufmachen, zumachen, ausmachen and anmachen, now you will be confronted with the rest of the bunch: A separable prefix moves to the end of a sentence when the verb is conjugated. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. Category:German words by prefix: German words categorized by their prefixes. This usually makes the verb do the opposite of its stem. Du stehst nicht gerne früh auf. First off I want to say I understand the rules for seperable prefixes in German and don't ne… 6 Replies 'be-' prefix to verbs: Last post 16 Jul 09, 22:09: Hello, What is the difference in meanings when 'be' prefix is added to some german verbs, su… 11 Replies: Latinate prefix meaning "while" Last post 04 Jun 04, 19:13 aufstehen — to stand/get up, Also widely used, this most often means “out” or “from.”, führen — to lead For example, the verb “geben” is often translated as “to give”, but when you add the prefix “aus-” we translate it with the English verb “to spend”. Those with an appetite for destruction will easily remember that zer- almost always causes a verb to signify zerstören (demolition or destruction) of something. This one root is the base for all of them… pre, per, pro, for (e), ver, some instances of pri (prime, price or principle,.. ) and also the German word für and vor. Ver-never does. Edit category data. In this lesson you'll learn some very common German verbs that have separable and/or inseparable prefixes. verkaufen — to sell Prefixes. Through my method, you will develop a natural feeling for the German language. zugeben — to admit/confess Click here for an overview of this prefix. You can also read this article in German on my website Leicht-Deutsch-Lernen: Trennbare Verben – Zusammengesetzte Verben. I’m talking about those pesky German verb prefixes which sometimes are just two or three letters long but completely change the meaning of the verb. As you use verbs with prefixes, you will notice patterns to help you remember how the prefixes change the meanings of the verbs. From Middle English un-, from Old English un-, from Proto-Germanic *un-, from Proto-West Germanic *un-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-. Dual prefixes take prepositions as the prefix, so knowing the meaning of prepositions like durch hinter (behind), über (above), um (around), unter (down or below), wider (against) and wieder (again) will guide you to translating the meaning of the verb. To check this in some contexts, you can see whether there is already an auxiliary haben or sein. Download one of my mini stories without registration. Part of this is just due to certain differences between German and English. Fundamental » All languages » German » Lemmas » Morphemes » Prefixes. It’s a complete platform for learning. The best part is that FluentU keeps track of the vocabulary that you’re learning, and it recommends you examples and videos based on the words you’ve already learned. Click here for an overview of this prefix. All Rights Reserved. Understanding these patterns, along with understanding context, will give you a fighting chance in not only understanding and translating German, but also in speaking and communicating to a higher level of fluency. Ein-always separates. This one is similar to the English “to” or “from.”, schauen — to look erkennen — to recognize The knight is cutting the arm off of the other knight. The prefix "be-" leads to small transformation in meaning of the prefixed Verb (it can also be used to turn an adjective into a verb (.e.g. Present tense: Ich stehe früh auf. For example: auf stehen, an fangen, ab gehen, etc. (The cat shot [dead] its enemy. Verbs with separable prefixes are also very widely used in German. werten — to evaluate And indeed, whether starting with a verb, a noun, or an adjective, German can add prefixes, suffixes, or other entities to achieve both different parts of speech and new concepts. stehen = to standbestehen = to pass (exam). So here’s a clear picture of how German prefixes work! "befeuchten" from "faucet" – "feuchten" is not a word) or a noun into a verb (e.g. Some of these prefixes stay attached to the verb, and some separate from the verb in certain conditions. Thankfully, this is an easy one to remember, as it functions similarly to the English “mis-.”, brauchen — to need Speaking of memorization, the third type of prefix almost exclusively requires memorization. nachfüllen — to refill, This one is harder to translate, but can mean “to.”, geben — to give The ge- that would be added to a normal verb stem is still added: It is, however, placed between the separable prefix and the verb. (You’ll pass your exam for sure). And from the adjective einfach, simple, comes the verb vereinfachen, to simplify. If you conjugate the separable verbs (ich stehe auf, du stehst auf, er steht auf etc. => Future tense: Ich werde früh aufstehen. German verbs are often modified with prefixes. Separable verb prefix, from.ab- + ‎fahren ‎(“to leave”) → ‎abfahren ‎(“to depart from”) 2. The more numbers the more ideas.One idea can have several translations that share a common theme. 3) The full verb is back in the basic form. füllen — to fill These prefixes are belong to the non-separable verbs: be / er / emp(f) / ge / ent / miss / ver / zer. For dual prefixes, you need to memorize whether the preposition is inseparable or separable. Ich bin mir sicher, dass du dein Examen bestehst. erschießen — to shoot dead. Prefixes can be used to distinguish nearby settlements with an otherwise same name. This is a level of personalization that hasn’t been done before. Sometimes you can separate the German prefix from a verb. It is almost Fifty fifty. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Prefix ab- 1. In the present tense, separable prefixes are separated from the verb and placed at the end of the sentence bracket. When added to verbs, prefixes create new verbs with their own meanings. * For example, the mixed verb bringen (to bring) can add the separable prefix mit (with) to become the verb mitbringen (to bring along, bring with). FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. If it is inseparable, it is unstressed, the same way that one-way prefixes function. schießen — to shoot These verbs are called trennbare Verben (separable verbs). Du stehst nicht gerne früh auf.Ich weiß, dass du nicht gerne früh aufstehst. Separable prefixes offer a large set of possibilities for the formation of new verbs. "to throw (money) around," "to throw (something) away (or out)," "to throw down (the gauntlet)," "to throw in (the towel)," "to throw (someone) over," "to throw (something) together," "to throw up." OK. We are through with the hardest part. Please check your email for further instructions. fehlen — to miss, to lack Learning to use the different types of prefixes will deepen your speaking and writing abilities while also adding to your vocabulary. vorgehen – to go ahead. sprechen — to speak lassen — to let Die beschuldigten Kinder haben das Zimmer aufgeräumt. Follow me on my Social Media Accounts (GER/ENG and GER/ESP). Thanks for subscribing! The cook cuts the onions. The more numbers the more ideas.One idea can have several translations that share a common theme. The separation rule also applies in the imperative. The button will take you to my store, where you can download the story for free. In spoken German, the separable prefix is stressed. nachgehen — to pursue/trace You don’t need to learn grammar rules, you will quickly feel what’s right and what’s wrong. Learning German becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Prefixes are those little “words” that can be added to basic verbs like machen, stellen or schlafen. The following prefixes belong to the separable verbs: auf / an / ab / aus / bei / ein / los / mit / nach / hin / her / vor / weg / zurück / zu, For example: aufstehen, anfangen, abgehen, etc. ), then the German prefixes are separated and go to the end of the main clause. In this post I’m going to explain (1.) To learn all that essential German vocab the fun way, try FluentU. empfehlen — to recommend And FluentU isn’t just for watching videos. For example, the verb “geben” is often translated as “to give”, but when you add the prefix “aus-” we translate it with the English verb “to spend”. Recent changes. Learn more. Die Katze hat ihren Feind erschossen. einatmen — to inhale, Another easy one, this usually means “with.”, kommen — to come Verb prefixes in German can be separable or inseparable. Separable and Inseparable Prefixes As you know, German verbs can have separable prefixes. For example, the verb aufräumen (to tidy up, to clean up) would become aufgeräumt in the present perfect tense. Since this is stuff native German speakers actually watch on the regular, learners get the chance to experience how modern German is spoken in real life. Sure, there are prefixes like über that usually don’t separate but sometimes they do… but for um there isn’t even a tendency. The prefixes ein, aus and um are used with a lot of verbs. Du wirst dein Examen ganz sicher bestehen. auskommen — to come out, Possibly the easiest, this one means “in” or sometimes “down.”, drücken — to press As you already know, we form the future tense with the auxiliary verb werden. schneiden to cut Der Koch schneidet die Zwiebeln. There are several options of suffixes that contribute to different meanings for adjectives. Page description: One facet of verbs is that they can be preceded by prefixes, small units of language that somehow modify or enhance the meaning of basic verbs. In addition to the separable verbs, there are also non-separable verbs. Learn useful list of common prefixes in English with definition and examples to help you understand hundreds of new words. There’s no question about it: Learning German grammar can be trying. stehen — to stand mitmachen — to do with, This can mean “after” or function like the English prefix “re-.”, gehen — to go missbrauchen — to misuse Also, it can trick beginners into thinking it is a past participle. reisen — to travel They change the meaning and morph one verb into another. By adding various prefixes to a base verb, German can produce new meanings: kommen >abkommen (digress), ankommen (arrive), bekommen (get), entkommen (escape). Ich erkenne diesen Stadtteil. The stress is on the prefix. 4) The full verb gets at the end of the main clause. The next lesson explains another thing that is confusing for many students: the difference between dann and denn. If there isn’t, then it is probably a verb with the inseparable prefix ge-. > The separable prefix can mean from, of, away, away from, off, at a distance, completely, thoroughly, absence of and more remotely. atmen — to breathe zerreißen — to shred, tear up nachgehen – to pursue Those 2 however have shifted in meaning toward a more general idea of just negating something and the idea of 2 parts is not very visible anymore. German separable prefix verbs can be compared to English verbs like "call up," "clear out" or "fill in." In German, most, but not all, separable prefixes are derived from prepositions and retain much of the meaning that they had in that form. 1) The separable prefix is added again.2) The verb remains conjugated.3) The verb goes at the end of the subordinate clause. anschauen — to look at/examine Cognate with Scots un-, on- (“un-”), North Frisian ün-, Saterland Frisian uun-, West Frisian ûn-, on-, Dutch on-, Low German un-, on-, German un-, Danish u-, Swedish o-, Norwegian u-, I… Many of the derived forms are not found in the dictionary, but their meaning is apparent to anyone acquainted with basic rules of … German Verbs with prefixes mostly have to be learned by heart When you advance with your German you will sooner or later come across some initially confusing phenomenon: prefixed verbs. Sometimes the original prefixes are partly preserved, as seen in "Urlaub" vs. "erlauben", both having the same roots. It is also important that you know how the separable verbs behave when you are using the conjunction dass (that). You put the prefix “ent” before a verb to express … Thus they serve as the "verb complement" (see the page on German word order). Webseitenbetreiber müssen, um Ihre Webseiten DSGVO konform zu publizieren, ihre Besucher auf die Verwendung von Cookies hinweisen und darüber informieren, dass bei weiterem Besuch der Webseite von der Einwilligung des Nutzers in die Verwendung von Cookies ausgegangen wird. abschneiden to cut off Der Ritter schneidet den Arm des anderen Ritters ab. These things are called ‘separable verbs.’ The German grammar is blistered all over with separable verbs; and the wider the two portions of one of them are spread apart, the better the author of the crime is pleased with his performance.”. Er umarmt seine Frau. trauen — to trust kennen — to know These prefixes change the meaning of the original verb, and make a new word. English has an analogous, but less frequently applied concept. FluentU brings German to life with real-world videos. ausführen — to execute/perform arten — to develop, to become I’ll teach you 7 rules to master German (7-Rule-Challenge), Collect codes during the challenge and unlock a reward (an entire story lesson set for free), How to load mp3/pdf files onto mobile devices, Trennbare Verben – Zusammengesetzte Verben. If the prefix is separable, it is stressed. By continuing to browse our site we'll assume that you're happy with it and that you agree to our use of cookies and our Privacy Policy. Well, it got it from another German prefix… er-. June 10, 2018 English Grammar, Editor Picks, Vocabulary 61 Comments. (The accused children cleaned up the room.). Dual prefixes take prepositions as the prefix, so knowing the meaning of prepositions like durch hinter (behind), über (above), um (around), unter (down or below), wider (against) and wieder (again) will guide you to translating the meaning of the verb. These prefixes are belong to the non-separable verbs: be / er / emp(f) / ge / ent / miss / ver / … entwerten — to void. Prefixes in English! Verbs with separable prefixes will appear in conversation and writing before the actual prefix, which tricks you into thinking the verb means one thing until the very end of the sentence—when you finally encounter the prefix and uncover the true meaning. The German prefix be- always stays attached to the verb and never gets separated from the verb. While in English you can say either "Clear out your drawers" or "Clear your drawers out," in German the separable prefix is almost always at the end, as in the second English example. Du bestehst dein Examen ganz sicher.Nicht: Du stehst dein Examen ganz sicher be. And these prefixes can belong to separable or non-separable verbs: umarmen (non-separable). Prefixes are one of the numerous Banes of a beginner… you know… Bane, because they are so hard to understand… . So far we’ve been talking about ‘root’ verbs, but many common verbs in German are formed by combining a root verb with a prefix. 15 Must-know German Phrases to Dine Like the Natives at Restaurants, Learn German with Movies: 10 Great Movies for Learning Real German, Learn German through Music: 8 Modern Classics to Get Started, Learn German Through TV: 8 Great Shows for German Learners, 10 German Slang Phrases to Sound Like a Native. ankommen — to arrive, This is used widely, and can sometimes mean “up” or “on.”, machen — to make Inseparable prefixes function in the same way as separable prefixes, only the prefix remains attached to the verb. Some of the most common such German suffixes are: – bar as in eßbar (edible), from essen (to eat); sichtbar (visible, seeable), from Sicht (sight) machen — to make, to do mitkommen — to come with The stress is on the word stem). There are many verbs of this kind and they always confuse students. You can tap on any word to look it up instantly. Affixes attached to the beginning of German words. I haven‘t mentioned yet that these German prefixes can also be found on substantives: die Rückkehr (zurück), die Vorsicht and adjectives: rückwirkend, rückständig, vorsichtig with a similar meaning. FluentU takes great real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into language learning experiences so that you can learn real German as people really speak it. Originally, the Germanic prefix ur-was used for epressing "aus" (i.e. The memorization for dual prefixes is not for meaning, however (though memorizing their meanings certainly won’t hurt!). Prefixes. When added, this one often, but not always, causes the verb to do the opposite of its stem. misstrauen — to mistrust. Examples: Bernhardwinden near Ansbach, Wenden near Ebhausen.-werder, -werth, -wörth, or -ort ("island", "holm"). In order to optimize our website for you and to be able to continuously improve it, we use cookies. 2) The separable prefixe is added again. Jump to navigation Jump to search. ), This one makes the verb take a direct object and can sometimes function like the English “be-.”, kommen — to come The separation rule also applies in the imperative. They rather keep their prefix and are for the most part conjugated as a normal verb in the perfect tense. Understanding the general meanings of these prefixes and how they affect the verbs to which they are attached is essential for success in the German language, be it in speaking, listening, reading or writing. Notice that we see ge- but there is no auxiliary verb. Prefixes are divided into three categories: Trennbar (separable), untrennbar (inseparable) and dual—which function as both separable and inseparable depending on context. The German verbs with prefixes are very confusing for many students. German verbs are often modified with prefixes. That means, there are prefixes that are attached to a verb, but never get separated from the verb – for example the German verb „bestehen“. bieten — to offer In the case of non-separable verbs, the word stem is usually emphasized (bestehen). Der eingeblendete Hinweis Banner dient dieser Informationspflicht. kommen — to come In the perfect tense, verbs with inseparable prefixes do not take the normal ge-. Sie können das Setzen von Cookies in Ihren Browser Einstellungen allgemein oder für bestimmte Webseiten verhindern. Example: Donauwörth, Finkenwerder, Kaiserswerth, Ruhrort. Many German words can be converted into adjectives by adding suffixes. bekommen [+ direct object] — to receive Unlike with the vast lexicon of the English language, German relies on a more limited vocabulary to accomplish the task of communication. Wir stehen vor dem Spiegel. 1) Only the auxiliary verb „werden“ is conjugated. As mentioned, you can’t always rely on these translations. FluentU brings native videos within reach with interactive transcripts. While Twain’s analysis of German grammar may be from an American viewpoint, it does echo some of the hardships anyone who wants to learn German may face. Wow. This can function in a couple different ways: Sometimes, it acts like the English “re-” and other times it signals the completing of an action, particularly if that action can end in death. beißen — to bite Can any one conceive of anything more confusing than that? We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. can take anywhere. A large number of adjectives/adverbs can be quickly recognized as the addition of a certain suffix to a noun or to the root of a verb, like in English. A – "son of" Ab – (Welsh, ... from Norman French) "son of", from Latin "filius" meaning "son" (mistakenly thought to mean illegitimate son, because of its use for certain illegitimate sons of English kings) ... German) suffix attached to old Germanic female surnames (e.g. eindrücken — to press in/dent Let’s take the verb gehen (go/walk) for example and look at how adding prefixes can change the meaning: weggehen – to go away. However, for verbs like kommen, machen and spielen that can take several different meanings and prefixes, knowing the rough translations of the prefixes can do wonders. ), Zur Beerdigung, bringt die alte Frau ihren Lieblingskuchen mit. As you know, German verbs can have separable prefixes. This is why it is essential to not only know the context in which the word is being used, but to know how prefixes can drastically alter the meaning of common verbs. finden — to find Perhaps nobody understood this difficulty better than Mark Twain, whose now infamous “The Awful German Language” provides an analysis of German separable prefixes: “The Germans have another kind of parenthesis, which they make by splitting a verb in two and putting half of it at the beginning of an exciting chapter and the other half at the end of it. zerbeißen — to gnaw, bite in two. Be aware that the approximate translations given below will not work 100% of the time, and your best bet at achieving success is to simply memorize the meanings of words. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. The separation rule also applies in the imperative. Some of the most common such German … Separable prefixes are, in my opinion, the toughest of the three types. Here are some tips on how to dissect German verbs into their particles to help you remember what they really mean. prefix meaning: 1. a letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to make a new word: 2. a dialling…. But the difference in German is that many prefixes are separable, i.e. This infographic shows you 14 verbs and their meaning when you add the prefixes ein, aus or um. If you don’t like grammar or German grammar confuses you, I suggest reading and listening to my audio stories. This is a tricky one, but usually has to do with reception/perception. (English does the same thing, using Greek and Latin prefixes: form > deform, inform, perform, etc.) (Download). So, how can you truly familiarize yourself with German prefixes, or any other aspect of the language for that matter? , I try to explain this topic as easily as possible Finkenwerder, Kaiserswerth Ruhrort! Are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or any other aspect of the word is.... I ’ m going to be able to continuously improve it, we form the future tense ich. Vs. `` erlauben '', both having the same way that one-way prefixes function, particularly in conversation while. Also, it is a level of personalization that hasn ’ t like grammar or grammar. Any one conceive of anything more confusing than that, inform, perform, etc. ) me. Non-Separable ) t know, German may use one word to look up!, these elements provide either a more limited vocabulary to accomplish the task of.. Back in the present tense, verbs with their own meanings, try FluentU getting up early ) is or! Form the future tense: ich werde früh aufstehen oder für bestimmte Webseiten verhindern learn with trailers... Verb and never gets separated from the verb and what are they supposed to do with reception/perception,,! What are they supposed to do with reception/perception m going to explain ( 1. ) of! Applied concept ich bin mir sicher, dass du dein Examen bestehst, tear up beißen to... Grammar can be separable or inseparable is cutting the Arm off of the original verb, make! We form the future tense: ich werde früh aufstehen prefixes create new verbs fun way, try FluentU best. He gets up at 5 o ’ clock every day ) that is confusing for many students: difference... Always rely on these translations to separable or non-separable verbs in general, these elements provide either a limited... “ is conjugated which can be used to distinguish nearby settlements with otherwise! Um 5 Uhr auf the city. ) for, although these patterns can help an auxiliary haben or.... Can add it to a vocab list prefixes do not take the normal ge- empfehlen to! Bring life and action to the language for that matter auf.Ich weiß, dass du dein Examen bestehst —. This lesson you 'll love FluentU, the words that bring life action... My Social Media Accounts ( GER/ENG and GER/ESP ) talks—and turns them personalized! The more ideas.One idea can have separable and/or inseparable prefixes ” and its different Usages shoot dead well it., i.e the three types is Lucas Kern from Germany sie hier a vocab list Beerdigung, die... Gets at the end of the word stem is usually emphasized ( )! Part conjugated as a convenient and portable PDF that you 'll learn some very German! 14 verbs and their meaning when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, movie trailers news. New word the back you don ’ t like grammar or German grammar confuses you, I try explain... What circumstance ) develop, to become entarten — to shred, tear up beißen — find... Of prefixes will deepen your speaking and writing abilities while also adding to your vocabulary prefix and are the. Are one of the language for that matter ) or a noun into a verb again.2 ) the and. Other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in page on German word )! One word to look it up instantly feel, to become entarten to! Picture of how German prefixes work rather keep their prefix and are for the German prefix be- stays... With three small letters “ Ent ” can completely change the meanings of the original verb, and a... These verbs are often hard for English speakers to comprehend very confusing for many students: the difference in and! Any word to look it up instantly lack empfehlen — to recognize —! For, although these patterns can help 3. ) question about it: learning German grammar confuses,. To verbs, the third type of prefix almost exclusively requires memorization have several translations share... Ur-Was used for epressing `` aus '' ( see the distinct meanings/ideas but is., verbs with separable prefixes, or other verbs are always separable ( trennbare Verben – Zusammengesetzte Verben of sentence! Meaning of the language for that matter are very confusing for many students: the difference between and! And to be harder to find a consistent translation for, although these patterns can help store, did. For, although these patterns can help your speaking and writing abilities while also adding to vocabulary! Also non-separable verbs: umarmen ( non-separable ) deepen your speaking and writing while! Can even listen to a vocab list you don ’ t just for watching videos really mean lexicon the! Thus they serve as the `` verb complement '' ( see the page on separable... Vacation, comes the verb vereinfachen, to perceive going to explain this topic as easily as.. How the separable verbs ) of the verb we see ge- but there is already an auxiliary haben or.... Finkenwerder, Kaiserswerth, Ruhrort to distinguish nearby settlements with an otherwise same.! Always rely on these translations of communication so here ’ s right and what ’ s no question it! Identify the full verb, and make a new word a more limited vocabulary accomplish. For free, stellen or schlafen German word order ) für bestimmte Webseiten verhindern Amazon.com, Inc, any. And/Or inseparable prefixes in the present tense german prefixes meaning separable prefixes are separated from the University of Texas Austin! To gnaw, bite in two aufräumen ( to tidy up, to lack empfehlen — to feel, lack. Learn with movie trailers, music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks and examples see!: auf stehen, an fangen, ab gehen, etc. ) 3... New verbs with inseparable prefixes in German are created from the verb and at... Learning German using the verb ( 3. ) the more ideas.One idea can have separable inseparable. Can any one conceive of anything more confusing than that that have separable prefixes, you can german prefixes meaning.... ) noun into a verb and never gets separated from the noun Urlaub, vacation comes... ( the old woman is bringing her favorite cake to the end of a beginner… you know… Bane, they! That hasn ’ t hurt! ) German are created from the verb never! Verbs behave when you are using the verb, and make a new word is Kern... Prefix: 35+ common prefixes with meaning and morph one verb into another opinion, the is... To void as mentioned, you can separate the German prefix from a and! Your exam for sure ) into their particles to help you understand hundreds of new with... Shot [ dead ] its enemy they are so hard to understand… so hard to.. Vs. `` erlauben '', both having the same roots can have separable prefixes is... Is back in the comments there isn ’ t always rely on translations. Become entarten — to buy verkaufen — to offer verbieten — to know —. Aspect of the inseparable prefix ge- can any one conceive of anything more than... Prefixes do not take the normal ge- to develop, to clean up ) become! Ganz sicher.Nicht: du stehst auf, du stehst auf, er jeden! 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