A gerund phrase is a phrase that consists of a gerund, its object, and any modifiers. I call that (good playing). A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). (gerund phrase as the object of a preposition) Hint: If you're not sure if a word or phrase is a gerund… I love listening to my favorite band. Reading rocks! The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. A Gerund Phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund, modifier(s) and/or noun(s), pronoun(s) or noun phrase(s) which function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund. Reference ... As a Subject Complement. A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase. The verbs are italics, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 Linking Verb Complements Subject Complements: 1. → Clue. Gerunds can either stand alone, or they can take a noun (the object of the gerund) and/or modifier(s) to form a gerund phrase. Verb phrases are defined as phrases formed by a verb plus any modifiers, … Eating people is wrong. Like below sentence Would you mind me carrying this bag? Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. Gerunds and gerund phrases are a part of commercial speech, which means you’re likely to find them in many literary works as well. "In those cases in which the complements are noun phrases, the subject complement shows concord with the subject S, and the object complement is in concord with the direct object, as can be best seen in the examples (16c) and (16h)." Students often get confused when trying to use gerund subjects because the gerund is often followed by a plural noun. Is this correct? → Clue. . one more thing. 3 Fishing is my hobby. A/An _____ phrase uses the present participial form of a verb, along with any modifiers, as a noun, serving as a subject, object, or subject complement. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. Unlike gerund phrases, infinitive phrases can be used as adjectives to modify a noun. I love listening. Reading rocks! 'being' doesn't give me progressive feeling in this sentence : It carrys 'habitual or state meaning', I think. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. The gerund as the subject. Like a noun, it can perform different functions in a sentence. → Clue. Gerunds and gerund phrases can act as direct objects when Running marathons is my favorite activity. A gerund phrase is a gerund with a direct object. Cooking costs less than eating out. This lesson will tackle gerunds, gerund phrases, and how they are used. My not answering her question quickly enough made it look as if I had not studied the material. I love listening. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). Sarah enjoyed singing three songs. Exercising keeps you healthy. His favorite hobby is cooking. 5 Do you enjoy cooking? My dog's most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed. Do you need help? Participles A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed. It seems that 'being' is used in the same way as 'carrying'. A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. (gerund phrase as the complement of a preposition) Using gerunds of the appropriate auxiliary verbs, one can form gerund clauses that express perfect aspect and passive voice: Being deceived can make someone feel angry. THE GERUND AND THE GERUND PHRASE (p.82) . (gerund phrase as a subject complement) Carlos really enjoys biking through the mountains. The verbs that follows should still be singular! He gave (going) a lot of consideration. It also shows you how to dissect a gerund phrase into its components. Gerund Examples: Singing at the concert excited Sarah. When you master how a gerund is used in a sentence, it will become easier for you to differentiate it from the present participle form of a verb. 62. In such a case, the infinitive phrase will follow the now ... complement in a sentence. This gerund phrase is still singular. (gerund phrase as a direct object) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor. A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. → Clue. Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. 2. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. 3. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan … Some examples: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. A gerund is a verb ending in -ing, but it doesn't behave like a verb. A. gerund … The gerund as the object. I find myself being unable to resist sweets. Gerund phrases begin with a gerund. (Rolf Kreyer, Introduction to English Syntax. Gerunds are -ing words that function as nouns. Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. 4 Smoking is bad for your health. Read on yo learn more about gerund phrases! Phrases These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. Although we’re quite used to hearing these words and phrases from professors, parents, and potentially everyone around us in their everyday conversations and lectures, it’s exciting to see how famous authors use them in writing stories and plays. Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. the gerund is cooking and it acts as a subject complement (or … Swimming in the pool is fun. . *( Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. (preposition = since) Gerunds as predicate nouns: Dawn's favorite activity is reading. 1 Sailing is great fun. Using an English Gerund as the Subject of a Sentence. Walaupun berfungsi sebagai noun namun masih berperilaku seperti verb ketika berada di dalam frasanya yang disebut gerund phrase, misalnya diikuti direct object jika gerund dibentuk dari transitive verb atau dapat disertai modifier seperti adverb (kata keterangan) dan prepositional phrase.. contoh gerund dan gerund phrase. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. Infinitive phrases only require a comma when the infinitive phrase is used as an adverbial phrase and introduces the main clause. Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Her joy in preparing for company was obvious. Learn about gerund phrases, and how to use gerunds in a sentence. 2 She hates staying out at night. This page has lots of easy and real-life examples of gerund phrases and includes an interactive test. (1) Verb Phrases (gerund phrases) as Indirect Objects The third grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of indirect object is the verb phrase in the form of present participles . . The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. (preposition = in) Since completing his degree, his opportunities are endless. When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle.It is important to understand that they are not the same. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. A gerund phrase includes a gerund, modifier and complement. The Gerund a summary. I don't know whether to include the 'My not' into the gerund phrase... because don't some gerund phrases have pronouns? (The other two are participles and infinitives.) Gerund as Subject Complement. So I think 'being ' as gerund. Last night I had to sleep on the couch because I found my dog Floyd hogging the middle of the bed. 64. Reading books on the porch rocks! (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. Hogging the middle of the bed = gerund phrase, the subject complement of the linking verb is. The audience considered the villain’s motive pouring oil on troubled waters.. . Functions in a sentence Because they act like nouns, gerunds can be used as the subject of a sentence, the subject complement of the linking verb be , the object of a preposition, or the object of a verb. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. GERUND; An activity may also be expressed with a gerund or gerund clause, which can function as the subject or complement to the verb in the clause.. gerund ⇒ reading; gerund clause ⇒ reading a good book SUBJECT (GERUND CLAUSE) PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT: Computing . Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. Joe gave weightlifting credit for his physique. Meanwhile, an English gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or a complement, all acting together as a noun. Gerund subjects take a singular verb. . (Reading is identifying the noun "activity.") ... A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. … These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. Flying makes me nervous. Gerunds are tough -- really tough. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Together they function as a noun, which can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, or subject complement … as indirect object 61. With subject complements (and predicate nominatives in particular) in mind, let’s take a look at a gerund phrase acting in that capacity. saves a … Swimming in the pool is fun. as objective complement 63. what is the gerund phrase, and its noun use? I love listening to my favorite band. Shopping is an expensive hobby. First thing to remember, every sentence has two main parts: a subject and a predicate. Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house. Buttering toast with a fork = present participle phrase describing Bernard. Hunting lions is dangerous. . 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