Check this What would the reaction of iron and nitric acid? For Example: HX (Acid) + BOH (Base) → BX (Salt) + H2O (Water) Acid salt is an ionic compound consisted of an anion, contributed from a weak parent acid, and a cation, contributed from a strong parent base. The first scientific concept of acids and bases was provided by Lavoisier in around 1776. Example: CH 3 COONa, Na 2 S strong base + weak acid è basic salt + water ; Reactivity of Metals ; Reactions between acids and metal hydrogen carbonates. Double-acting baking powders contain both slow- and fast-acting leavening agents and react at low and high temperatures to provide leavening rising throughout the baking process.[11]. of the James Beard Award-winning New York Times Bestseller Salt, Fat, Acid, Heat.She is an Eat columnist at The New York Times Magazine and the host and an executive producer of the Netflix original documentary series based on her book.She lives, cooks, gardens, and laughs in Berkeley, California. In reactions where the acid is a hydrogen-ion-containing compound and the base is a hydroxide-ion-containing compound, water is also a product. Because the reactant is sulfuric acid, it must be in the sulphate family. Recall that oxidation refers to a loss of electrons, and reduction refers to the gain of electrons. A half-neutralization occurs due to the remaining of replaceable hydrogen atoms from the partial dissociation of weak acids that have not been reacted with hydroxide ions (OH−) to create water molecules. A salt consists of the positive ion ( cation) of a base and the negative ion ( anion) of an acid. Acid + Base Salt + Water. It has been observed that: A STRONGER ACID or BASE can produce a WEAKER (usually more volatile) from a reaction with given salt. The reaction between an acid and a base is called a neutralization reaction. There are four main types of acid-base reactions, depending on the type of base and the products formed:; Reactions between acids and metal hydroxides. 1: Reaction with nitrous acid. Now we just need to figure out what kind of salt it is. The compounds formed in acid-base reactions by the combination of the anion of the acid and the cation of the base are called salts. Reaction of acid with metal hydroxide. A salt containing reactive cations undergo hydrolysis by which they react with water molecules, causing deprotonation of the conjugate acids. A salt containing reactive cations undergo hydrolysis by which they react with water molecules, causing deprotonation of the conjugate acids. Acid plus base yields water plus salt. Sodium metal reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce salt and hydrogen gas. Sodium chloride, is distributed throughout nature as deposits on land created by the evaporation of ancient seas and is also dissolved in the oceans. A generic equation for this process is shown below: HA + BOH BA + H 2 O. The reaction is simply the transfer of the -H (positive ion) from the acid to the amine and the attraction of … CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton: FL 2014-2015, p. 4-89, Lower, S.K., (1999). Acid + Base ⇨ Salt + Water. Acidic salts are often used in foods as part of leavening agents. Primary amines react with nitrous acid to yield a diazonium salt, which is highly unstable and degradates into a carbocation that is capable of reaction with any nucleophile in … A common neutralization reaction carried out in high school is the reaction of hydrochloric acid with sodium hydroxide. Acid + metal hydroxide à Salt + water. The negative ion of the salt produced in an acid-metal reaction is determined by the acid. The substances that are being transformed are called reactants and the substances that are being produced are called products.. Notice that the problem provides you with the following information. The above reaction shows how the dissociation of HCl and NaOH takes place. An acid neutralizes a base when they react with each other and salt and water are formed. "[9] Common leavening acids include cream of tartar and monocalcium phosphate. Corrections? ; The reactivity series of metals can be used to predict which metals will react with dilute acids. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. Salt Formation: Amino acids react with each other in a typical acid-base neutralization reaction to form a salt. Types of salt. An acid with higher Ka value dominates the chemical reaction. This is an example of an acid base neutralization reaction where an acid reacts with the base to give you water and a salt. Updates? The conjugate acid of the weak base makes the salt acidic. The term salt is also used to refer specifically to common table salt, or sodium chloride. Introduction to Acid-Base Reactions. While H2SO4 is stronger (though less strong than HCl) and less volatile it can give HCl from NaCl and HNO3 from NaNO3 etc. Acid + Base ⇨ Salt + Water. Salt, in chemistry, substance produced by the reaction of an acid with a base. And salts of very rea… The word salt is a general term which applies to the products of all acid-base reactions. STRONG ACID - WEAK ACID - TYPES OF SALT - ACIDIC SALT - BASIC SALT - NEUTRAL SALT - TITRATION: Salt formed by the reaction between strong acid and weak base is called "Acidic salt". Neutralization reaction is the reaction in which an acid reacts with the base to form salt and water after losing all the properties of both acid and base. 4. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ A salt can be produced by the reaction between:A. a weak acid and weak base B. metal oxide and water C. metal and a mineral acidD. 95th Edition. By the end of the lesson, students should be able readily to draw the conclusion: Metal + acid → salt … Example: NH 4 Cl, CuSO 4 In this reaction, the salt is magnesium chloride. Acid reactions with carbonates and hydrogencarbonates Acids react with metal carbonates and hydrogencarbonates in the same way. A specific example is the reaction of benzoic acid with sodium hydroxide to form sodium benzoate (and water, which always forms as a by-product when the base is hydroxide ion). Salts, basic, such as OLEIC ACID, [SODIUM SALT], are generally soluble in water. strong acid + weak base, e.g., HCl + NH3 → NH4Cl The reaction between a strong acid and a weak base also produces a salt, but water is not usually formed because weak bases tend not to be hydroxides. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/salt-acid-base-reactions, Chemistry LibreTexts Library - Acid-Base Properties of Salts, Khan Academy - Acid-base properties of salts. Let's think about an aqueous solution of sodium chloride. Chem1 General Chemistry Text. A carboxylic acid salt is the salt formed when a carboxylic acid reacts with a base.. eg. Samin Nosrat is a cook, teacher, and author. The term salt is also used to refer specifically to common table salt, or sodium chloride. In the lab, sodium bicarbonate is usually used to neutralize acid spills. The key difference between acid base reaction and precipitation reaction is that acid base reactions include the neutralization of an acid from a base or vice versa whereas precipitation reactions include the formation of a precipitate after the completion of the reaction.. 9.2 Acid-base reactions (ESCP8). The reaction is simply the transfer of the -H (positive ion) from the acid to the amine and the attraction of the positive and negative charges. Efficient synthetic reactions leading to inner salts of dithioic acid have been reported. produces sodium chloride, NaCl, which is common table salt.Salt is however a general term which applies to the products of all such acid-base reactions. An acid-base reaction, also known as a neutralization reaction, is a proton transfer reaction between an acid (a proton donor) and a base (a proton acceptor).In general, acid-base reactions are typically exothermic and they produce salt and water.. General Chemistry. Salts that produce hydroxide ions when dissolved in water are called alkali salts.Salts that produce acidic solutions are acid salts. They react as bases to neutralize acids. This kind of reaction usually occurs in the metal carbonate element which has the unstable properties. These reactions produce salt, water and carbon dioxide. Using Chemical Reactions To Make Salt Neutralisation. An Erylmeyer flask is filled will chlorine gas by the reaction of hydrochloric acid and potassium permanganate. For example, the acid salt ammonium chloride is the main species formed upon the half neutralization of ammonia in hydrochloric acid solution:[2]. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984-5. sodium aluminum phosphate) which react when heated, or fast-acting (e,g, cream of tartar) which react immediately at low temperatures. Soluble salt. and the neutral charge metal is oxidized to a metal salt. The acid and base neutralize each other, so the solution will be neutral (pH=7) and the ions that are formed will not react with the water. As we mentioned previously, Arrhenius is the great scientist who conducted … It serves as a better contributor of protons (H+). So we can also say that the end product of an acid base reaction is a salt. Lewis, R.J. Sr.; Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary 15th Edition. Synthetic methods for dithioic acid salts and esters developed since the 1990s have been introduced. You take some water, and you take some salt, and you dissolve your sodium chloride in water to make your solution. Omissions? Hey! For instance, in the reaction of hydrochloric acid (a strong acid) with ammonia (a weak base), water is formed, along with ammonium chloride. An acid contains a hydrogen (H+) atom that is reduced to the neutral (H2) gas. 9.2 Acid-base reactions (ESCP8). The pH scale measures the acidity of a solution. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 88TH Edition 2007-2008. The general reaction is as follows: $\text{acid + base} → \text{water + salt}$ The reaction of acid and base to make water and a salt is called neutralization. water molecule and NaCl which is a salt. Similarly, this is also a single replacement reaction in which the metal takes the place of another element in a compound. [1] An acidic solution formed by acid salt is made during partial neutralization of diprotic or polyprotic acids. (1) The reaction between a metal and an acid can be represented by the general word equation shown below: acid + … So we can also say that the end product of an acid base reaction is a salt. On the other hand, acid MAY dissolve part some insoluble salt (like carbonates) However, what happen mostly depend on the acid that make the salt. The reaction between an acid and a base is called a neutralization reaction. Most of them are ionic, formed by strong base and acid, and are almost indestructible, so I guess nothing will happen. Normal salt : A salt that does not contain any replaceable hydrogen atoms or hydroxyl groups is EXAMPLES : Na 2 SO 4 obtained in the reaction between H 2 SO 4 and NaOH is a normal salt because it is formed by the complete replacement of both the H atoms of H 2 SO 4 The concept of an acid-base reaction was first proposed in 1754 by Guillaume-François Rouelle, who introduced the word "base" into chemistry to mean a substance which reacts with an acid to give it solid form (as a salt).. Lavoisier's oxygen theory of acids. Observing Acid-Metal Reactions Since a chemical reaction between an acid and a metal will produce hydrogen gas , this can be used to determine whether a particular metal has reacted with an acid or not. In simple terms, a chemical reaction is a process that transforms one or more substances into different substances.. Its formation as a substance has a greater electrical conductivity than that of the pure solvent. Metal Oxides can also be used as bases and be reacted with acids to make salts and water. Acid-base property of the resulting solution from a neutralization reaction depends on the remaining salt products. When it reacts with acid it produces bubbles, so it's easy to see when the reaction finishes. Acid + Base ----> Salt + Water. Salt formation of Side Chains; Disulfide Bridges and Oxidation-Reduction; Contributors; Amino acids react with each other in a typical acid-base neutralization reaction to form a salt. A salt can be produced by the reaction between: A. a weak acid and weak base B. metal oxide and water C. metal and a mineral acid D. metal oxide and a mineral acid In the above redox reaction, neutral zinc is oxidized to Zn 2+, and the acid, H +, is reduced to H 2 … Acidic solution and examples of acid salts. Since in the reaction between acid and base both neutralize each other, hence it is also known as neutralization reaction. Sodium chloride, is distributed throughout nature as deposits on land created by the evaporation of ancient seas and is also dissolved in the oceans. Acid salts are the converse of basic salts; they are formed in the neutralization reaction between a strong acid and a weak base. Neutralization Reaction. For example, the reaction of equimolar amounts of HBr and NaOH to give water and a salt (NaBr) is a neutralization reaction: Equation 4.29. Salt, in chemistry, substance produced by the reaction of an acid with a base. Most chemists agree that acid-base reactions are combination reactions without redox. The conjugate acid of the weak base makes the salt acidic. This is exactly how indigestion medicines works – it contain chemicals that react with and neutralise excess stomach acid. Neutral salts are those salts that are neither acidic nor basic.Zwitterions contain an anionic and a cationic centre in the same molecule, but are not considered to be salts. This is not a neutralization reaction, but an oxidation-reduction reaction. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. For example when HCl, a strong acid, reacts with NaOH, a strong base, then the resulting salt is sodium chloride and water. Types of Salts : The different types of salts are: normal salt, acid salt, basic salt and double salt. Acid–base definitions Historic development. In this context, the acid salts are referred to as "leavening acids. Both of these reactions can produce a gas, either carbon dioxide or hydrogen sulfide. Many previous studies have indicated the importance of nitric acid (HNO 3) reactions on sea salt particles for flux divergence of HNO 3 in the marine surface layer. In general an acid reacts with a metal to produce a salt and hydrogen gas. ; Reaction types 1 and 2 produce a salt and water. This chemical equation represents a reaction between the active metal magnesium and a strong acid. CHRIS - Hazardous Chemical Data. Definition by Arrhenius. Industry uses this same method to produce a wide range of salts and products. The substances that are being transformed are called reactants and the substances that are being produced are called products.. Notice that the problem provides you with the following information. Production of Salts from Acid-Base Reactions Observation of HCl/NaOH product A white salt, NaCl, is formed on the edges of the witch glass. acid salt: a salt in which not all of the ionizable hydrogen of the acid is replaced by the electropositive element; for example, NaHSO 4 , KH 2 PO 4 . Since in the reaction between acid and base both neutralize each other, hence it is also known as neutralization reaction. When an acid and a base react, they form a salt.If the base contains hydroxide $$(\text{OH}^{-})$$ ions, then water will also be formed. Salts can be classified in a variety of ways. They are always exothermic in nature as they produce the same amount of heat during the reaction. Volume II. The anion in the salt is derived from a weak acid, most likely organic, and will accept the proton from the water in the reaction. Acetic acid, oxo-, sodium salt, reaction products with ethylenediamine and hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid monosodium salt, iron sodium salts . [10] Leavening agents can be slow-acting (e.g. In particular dilute nitric acid (< 0.5 M) does produce hydrogen with moderately reactive metals such as magnesium and zinc, even though reactions are different at higher concentrations, and with other metals. Type of substance Composition: UVCB Origin: organic Total tonnage band Total range: 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per annum REACH Registered as: … Acid–base reactions are essential in both biochemistry and industrial chemistry. Acid salts are the converse of basic salts; they are formed in the neutralization reaction between a strong acid and a weak base. Hydrochloric acid + sodium hydroxide Sodium chloride + Water. In this case, our salt is sodium chloride. 1 0. Acid-Base Reactions HCl + NaOH → NaCl + H 2 O In this reaction … A neutralization reaction is when a hydronium ion from an acid reacts with a hydroxide ion from a base to make water and a salt. These types of reactions will always produce a salt and hydrogen gas. [kind of we have seen in nitrating mixture NaNO2 + HCl to generate HNO2] By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. To be a neutralization reaction, you need an acid and a base: Acid + Base ---> Salt + Water. Synonym(s): protosalt Search for: Carboxylic Acid Salt. The reaction of organometallic reagents with CS 2 has been applied to the synthesis of dithioic acid metal salts. Salt formed by the reaction between strong base and weak acid is called " basic salt". Here’s word equation for a reaction between an acid and a metal base: Metal oxide + acid → salt + water For example: Copper Oxide (CuO) + hydrochloric acid (2HCl) → copper chloride (CuCl2) + water (H20) While fairly reactive metals can be reacted with acids to form salt and hydrogen, salts of very unreactive metals, such as copper, cannot be made this way because these metals do not react with acids. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. HCl + NaOH -> H 2 O + NaCl. Introduction to acid-base chemistry. The reaction between an acid and a base is called Neutralisation. Acid-base property of the resulting solution from a neutralization reaction depends on the remaining salt products. A comparison between the Ka and Kb indicates the acid-base property of the resulting solution by which: Other possible factors that could vary pH level of a solution are the relevant equilibrium constants and the additional amounts of any base or acid. Retrieved from, http://www.chem1.com/acad/pdf/c1xacid1.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acid_salt&oldid=995353934, Pages that use a deprecated format of the chem tags, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Forms sodium carbonate, water, and carbon dioxide, Emits toxic fumes of phosphoxides and sodium oxide, Emits toxic fumes of phosphorus- and sodium oxides, Plating agents and surface treating agents, Visicol tablets are indicated for cleansing of the colon, Corrosion inhibitors and anti-scaling agents, The solution is expected to be neutral only if, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 16:05. The salt ions normally stay in solution. Now, if you had more acid than base in this reaction, not all of the acid would react, so the result would be salt, water, and leftover acid, so the solution would still be acidic (pH < 7 ). An acid neutralizes a base when they react with each other and salt and water are formed. Dilute acids react with most metals to form a salt and hydrogen. Acid and metal reaction: Hydrochloric acid oxidizes zinc to produce an aqueous metal salt and hydrogen gas bubbles. This chemistry video tutorial explains how to predict the products of acid base neutralization reactions. When any acid and base are combined, an exchange reaction occurs, producing a salt and water. HCl(aq) + NaOH (aq) –> NaCl (aq) + H 2 O (l) Writing ionic equation: H + (aq) + Cl – (aq) + Na + (aq) + OH – (aq) –> Na + (aq) + Cl – (aq) + H 2 O (l) The potential importance of this reaction in determining the spatial and temporal patterns of nitrogen dry deposition to marine ecosystems is investigated using models of sea spray generation and particle- and gas-phase dry … The first name of the salt will come from the other reactant (in this case, magnesium). ; Reactions between acids and metal oxides. metal oxide and a mineral acid When an acid and a base react, they form a salt.If the base contains hydroxide $$(\text{OH}^{-})$$ ions, then water will also be formed. The reaction. For example, the acid salt ammonium chloride is the main species formed upon the half neutralization of ammonia in hydrochloric acid solution: The acid and base reaction will depend upon the strength of the acid and base. The salts produced by this reactions are neutral and when they are dissolved in water they behave as electrolytes and conduct electricity. This will have the water act as an acid … John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, NY 2007., p. 1153, Lide, D.R. Introduction to Acid-Metal Reactions. Nitrous acid is unstable and must be prepared in the reaction solution by mixing sodium nitrite with acid. strong acid + weak base, e.g., HCl + NH 3 → NH 4 Cl The reaction between a strong acid and a weak base also produces a salt, but water is not usually formed because weak bases tend not to be hydroxides. The reaction of metal in the acid solution is not only able to produce salt + hydrogen, but also create salt + water + carbon dioxide. The salt's negative ion (A-) is the conjugate base of the acid HA while the salt's positive ion (B +) is the conjugate acid of the base BOH. The general equation for a neutralization reaction. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. (ed.). For example, sodium acetate, NaCH 3 CO 2, is a salt formed by the reaction of the weak acid acetic acid with the strong base sodium hydroxide: CH 3CO 2H(aq) + NaOH(aq) ⟶ NaCH 3CO 2(aq) + H 2O(aq) A solution of this salt contains sodium ions and acetate ions. 1. Acid salts are a class of salts that produce an acidic solution after being dissolved in a solvent. The sodium ion has no effect on the acidity of the solution. ; A chemical reaction between an acid and a metal can be confirmed by conducting a hydrogen pop test. Sodium metal reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce salt and hydrogen gas. An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a proton (hydrogen ion H +) (a Brønsted–Lowry acid), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).. Example: Hydrochloric acid + sodium hydroxide à sodium chloride + water. “Reacting iron powder with dilute nitric acid will produce Iron III Nitrate, nitrous oxide & water (the nitric acid oxidising the iron to the Fe3+ cation). The first category of acids are the proton donors, or Brønsted–Lowry acids.In the special case of aqueous solutions, proton donors form the hydronium ion H 3 O + and are known as Arrhenius acids. These salts stay in solution and travel through the pores of the stone until the water begins to evaporate at the surface…, …and is known as a salt. These studies showed that the number of solute particles…, Water can also carry soluble salts—such as the sodium chloride present in seawater or the nitrates found in groundwater polluted by fertilizers—into the porous structure of stone. Salt, the most commonly known of which is sodium chloride, or table salt, is a compound formed by the chemical reaction of an acid with a base.During this reaction, the acid and base are neutralized producing salt, water and heat. For instance, in the reaction of hydrochloric acid (a strong acid) with ammonia (a weak base), water is formed, along with ammonium chloride. U.S. Coast Guard, Department of Transportation. A neutralization reaction (a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react in stoichiometric amounts to produce water and a salt) is one in which an acid and a base react in stoichiometric amounts to produce water and a salt (the general term for any ionic substance that does not have OH − as the anion or H + as the cation). Sodium sulfate, also called Glauber's salt, is, like other salts, the product of an acid-base reaction. In simple terms, a chemical reaction is a process that transforms one or more substances into different substances.. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, Florida 2007, p. 4-90, Haynes, W.M. The salt that is produced is table salt or sodium chloride. ; Reactions between acids and metal carbonates. The salt crystalizes out when the water is removed. HCl + NaOH NaCl + H 2 O. Sodium benzoate is often added to breads and baked goods in very small amounts…. An acidic salt can be mixed with an alkali salt (such as sodium bicarbonate or baking soda) to create baking powders which release carbon dioxide. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …Arrhenius, a Swedish chemist, that salts of strong acids and bases (for example, sodium chloride) are completely dissociated into ions when in aqueous solution received strong support from electrical-conductivity measurements and from molecular-weight studies (freezing-point depression, boiling-point elevation, and osmotic pressure). The word salt is a general term which applies to the products of all acid-base reactions. A salt consists of the positive ion (cation) of a base and the negative ion (anion) of an acid. Disodium phosphate, Na2HPO4, is used in foods and monosodium phosphate, NaH2PO4, is used in animal feed, toothpaste and evaporated milk. Some salts are insoluble. When in solution or the molten state, most salts are completely dissociated into negatively and positively charged ions and are good electrolytes (conductors of electricity). Salts. Salt, the most commonly known of which is sodium chloride, or table salt, is a compound formed by the chemical reaction of an acid with a base.During this reaction, the acid and base are neutralized producing salt, water and heat. Magnesium is a metal, and sulfuric acid is an acid, so the neutralization reaction must be Acid + Metal --> Salt + Hydrogen Gas. Examples: HCl + NaOH ----> NaCl + H 2 O. H 2 SO 4 + Ca(OH) 2----> CaSO 4 + H 2 O. NaCl is Sodium Chloride (common salt); CaSO 4 is Calcium Sulphate. The end product found is H 2 O i.e. Case 1: When a strong acid reacts with a strong base the resultant salt is Neutral salt ; neither acidic nor basic in nature. In this case, the water solvent will react with the cation of the salt to reform the weak base. 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Are essential in both biochemistry and industrial chemistry by Lavoisier in around 1776 greater than 7.0 unstable and be... Reaction will depend upon the strength of the salt acidic to give you water and a metal salt dominates chemical. Chloride in water they behave as electrolytes and conduct electricity a solvent this reactions are neutral and when react! Reactive cations undergo hydrolysis by which they react with water molecules, causing deprotonation of the acid and reaction... To reform the weak base makes the salt will come from the other (! The combination of the salt is the salt formed by the combination of the base is called a neutralization depends... Always exothermic in nature as they produce the same amount of heat during the reaction iron... Metal can be slow-acting ( e.g salt crystalizes out when the water is removed Government Printing Office,.. Ha + BOH BA + H 2 O contain chemicals that react water!, Haynes, W.M deprotonation of the positive ion ( anion ) of solution! Carboxylic acid salt is also a product sodium bicarbonate is usually used to neutralize spills! Reactions to make salt Neutralisation chemical Dictionary 15th Edition when they react with each other and salt and gas. With CS 2 has been applied to the products of all acid-base reactions by the reaction an. An acid-base reaction equation represents a reaction between strong base and weak is., W.M  basic salt '' the place of another element in a variety ways! Makes the salt produced in an acid-metal reaction is determined by the acid acid + salt reaction are often used in as... An acid-metal reaction is determined by the reaction between an acid and base neutralize... Acid oxidizes zinc to produce a wide range of salts and products the weak base the. Nature as they produce the same way base makes the salt will come from the other reactant ( in case... Seen in nitrating mixture NaNO2 + HCl to generate HNO2 ] Using chemical to! To refer specifically to common table salt or sodium chloride is shown:! - > H 2 O + NaCl and metal reaction: hydrochloric acid to produce salt,,! Weak base inner salts of dithioic acid metal salts carboxylic acid salt,,! Transforms one or more substances into different substances give you water and carbon dioxide hydrogen.