A climbing vine, Apios americana, of eastern North America, having fragrant brownish flowers and small edible tubers. They are often coated with either granulated or powdered sugar or cinnamon sugar.[80]. The result is a doughnut with a sugar-crusted skin. This neutralizes the base and produces more CO2 according to the following equation: NaHCO3 + H+ → Na+ + H2O + CO2. "[34], The physical structure of the doughnut is created by the combination of flour, leavening agent, sugar, eggs, salt, water, shortening, milk solids, and additional components. Along with these Indian variants, typical varieties of doughnuts are also available from U.S. chains such as Krispy Kreme and Dunkin' Donuts retail outlets, as well as local brands such as Mad Over Donuts and the Donut Baker. Meaning of doughnut. Water is a necessary ingredient in the production of doughnuts because it activates the other ingredients, allowing them to perform their functions in building the doughnut's structure. Indigenous versions of the doughnut also exist, like the cascaron, which is prepared similarly, but uses ground glutinous rice and coconut milk in place of wheat flour and milk. "twins") is two pieces of dough wrapped together before frying.[63]. [36] The ability of the casein and whey proteins to absorb excess water is essential to prolonging the doughnut's freshness. These pastries are not sweet and are often served with congee, a traditional rice porridge or soy milk. Raised doughnuts are generally covered with a glaze (icing). In the US, especially in Southern California, fresh doughnuts sold by the dozen at local doughnut shops are typically packaged in generic pink boxes. Traditional sufganiyot are filled with red jelly and topped with icing sugar. Rosaquillas were purportedly introduced in Spain by the Romans. Traditionally they are baked, but may also be fried. Per capita, Canadians consume the most doughnuts, and Canada has the most doughnut stores per capita. Fánk is usually served with powdered sugar and lekvar. After frying, ring doughnuts are often topped. Doughnuts are often accompanied by coffee purchased at doughnut shops, convenience stores, petrol stations, cafes or fast food restaurants, but can also be paired with milk. First recorded by Washington Irving, who described them as "balls of sweetened dough, fried in hog's fat, and called doughnuts, or olykoeks." [35], Eggs function as emulsifiers, foaming agents, and tenderizers in the dough. Context examples . Malasadas were brought to the Hawaiian Islands by early Portuguese settlers, and are a variation on Portugal's filhós. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Cantonese restaurants. The second type of doughnut is a traditional pastry called rosquilla, made of fermented dough and fried or baked in an oven. A student with cherry red hair that attacks an all powerful gay vampire and gets killed by a hole in the chest made by the same gay vampire. They are in the form of a long sweet bread roll with a deep cut down its long axis. Sweet pastries similar to old-fashioned doughnuts called badushahi and jalebi are also popular. [84] Jam doughnuts are similar to a Berliner, but are served hot: red jam (raspberry or strawberry) is injected into the bun before it is deep-fried, and then it is coated with either sugar or sugar mixed with cinnamon as soon as it has been cooked. It is usually covered in glaze of some sort, and most people have eaten it at some point.Can be … Another is the beignet, a square-shaped doughnut covered with powdered sugar, commonly associated with New Orleans. In cake doughnuts, the most common leavening agent is baking powder. There are a couple of unrelated doughnut-shaped food items. ... , Belted Galloway Pros And Cons, Himawari Backpack Vs Doughnut, 1059 The Rock John Boy And Billy, Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah Sony Liv, … Definition of doughnut noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. A ring doughnut is also known as simply munk. This cliché has been parodied in the film Police Academy 4: Citizens on Patrol, where Officer Zed is instructing new recruits how to "properly" consume their doughnuts with coffee. The texture can range from soft and fluffy, to sticky and chewy, to hard and crunchy (in the latter case, they are known as pilipit). For example, sugar and salt crystals must be dissolved in order for them to act in the dough, whereas larger molecules, such as the starches or proteins, must be hydrated in order for them to absorb moisture. [77], In Slovenia, a jam-filled doughnut known as krofi, is very popular. Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. In Norway, smultring is the prevailing type of doughnut traditionally sold in bakeries, shops, and stalls. There are now many fillings; cut in half[clarification needed] or non-filled knots with sugar and cinnamon on top. A traditional Puntarenas cream-filled doughnut is round and robust, managing to keep the cream inside liquified. If the doughnut is observed from above or below, face-on, the black hole is clearly visible. An important property of the dough that affects the final product is the dough's rheology. A doughnut or donut (the latter spelling often seen in American English and Canadian English) (IPA: /doʊnət/) is a type of fried dough confection or dessert food. Sketches and Views-No. [citation needed], Kuih keria is a hole doughnut made from boiled sweet potato that is mashed. In South Australia, they are known as Berliner or Kitchener and often served in cafes. sufganiyot סופגניות) in Israel, have become a traditional Hanukkah food[50] in the recent era, as they are cooked in oil, associated with the holiday account of the miracle of the oil. See more. Dough is usually described as a viscoelastic material, meaning that its rheology depends on both the viscosity and the elasticity. Sweetening, filling, and fancy toppings are now so common that plain doughnuts are now commonly labeled and sold as "old fashioned". [24][25] The donut spelling also showed up in a Los Angeles Times article dated August 10, 1929 in which Bailey Millard jokingly complains about the decline of spelling, and that he "can't swallow the 'wel-dun donut' nor the ever so 'gud bred'. In Thailand, a popular breakfast food is pa thong ko, also known as Thai donuts, a version of the Chinese yiu ja guoy/youtiao. A plant native to America which produces an edible fruit. [91], This article is about the food. Cake doughnuts typically weigh between 24 and 28 g (0.85 and 0.99 oz), whereas yeast-raised doughnuts average 38 g (1.3 oz) and are generally larger, and taller (due to rising) when finished. Bismarcks and Berlin doughnuts are also found in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Switzerland and the United States. Categories: Food and Eating What does donut mean in English? In Switzerland, there are Zigerkrapfen, Berliner and tortelli di San Giuseppe. Traditionally, doughnut holes are made by frying the dough removed from the center portion of the doughnut. The egg white proteins, mainly ovalbumin, "function as structure formers. These doughnuts closely resembled later ones but did not yet have their current ring shape. For other uses, see, "Doughnut hole" and "Donut hole" redirect here. Fánk is a sweet traditional Hungarian cake. We hope this will help you to understand Telugu better. In Russia and the other Post-Soviet countries, ponchiki (Russian: пончики, plural form of пончик, ponchik) or pyshki (Russian: пышки, especially in St. Petersburg) are a very popular sweet doughnut, with many fast and simple recipes available in Russian cookbooks for making them at home as a breakfast or coffee pastry. [54][55], Other native doughnut recipes include the shakoy, kumukunsi, and binangkal. Shortening is responsible for providing tenderness and aerating the dough. Because of the difficulties of providing freshly baked goods from huts established in abandoned buildings near the front lines, the two Salvation Army volunteers (Ensign Margaret Sheldon and Adjutant Helen Purviance) came up with the idea of providing doughnuts. [39] According to Prevention Magazine, doughnuts made from enriched flour provide some thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin, along with some fiber, but they are high in sugar and calories. "[36] The proteins from both the egg yolk and the egg whites contribute to the structure of the dough through a process called coagulation. doughnut translate: 炸面包圈;炸果酱面包. [67][68], Doughnuts similar to the Berliner are prepared in the northern Balkans, particularly in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, North Macedonia and Serbia (pokladnice or krofne). They are the equivalent of nowadays "bolas de Berlim" (lit. In New Zealand, the doughnut is a popular food snack available in corner dairies. It is the typical sweet during Carnival time, but is to be found in most bakeries during the whole year. Kosher Chinese cuisine features long, deep-fried doughnut sticks that are often quite oily, hence their name in Mandarin, yóutiáo (油條, "oil strips"); in Cantonese, this doughnut-style pastry is called yàuhjagwái (油炸鬼, "ghosts fried in oil"). It is also parodied in the television series Twin Peaks, where the police station is always in large supply. In terms of its molecular structure, "a typical shortening that appears solid [at room temperature] contains 15-20% solids and, hence, 80-85% liquid oil ... this small amount of solids can be made to hold all of the liquid in a matrix of very small, stable, needlelike crystals (beta-prime crystals). I, iss. In mixing, the gluten is developed when the force of the mixer draws the gluten from the wheat endosperm, allowing the gluten matrix to trap the gas cells. Churros are commonly served dusted in sugar as a snack or with a cup of hot chocolate. निम्नलिखित अंग्रेज़ी में Doughnut शब्द के उदाहरण हैं: In the Visayan region, a similar doughnut is called siakoy, usually twined like a rope (संदर्भ / Reference) It is often served with sprinkled cinnamon and grated walnuts or sesame seeds.[74]. [52], Doughnuts are available at most bakeries across Pakistan. Doughnuts are unhealthy,[38] though some are less so than others. Today, U.S.-style doughnuts are also available in Germany, but are less popular than their native counterparts. Doughnut holes are small, bite-sized doughnuts that were traditionally made from the dough taken from the center of ring doughnuts. "[33] This crystalline structure is considered highly stable due to how tightly its molecules are packed. A popular doughnut in Hawaii is the malasada. A disk-shaped doughnut can also be stretched and pinched into a torus until the center breaks to form a hole. It is supposed[by whom?] [65] A second variant, called Bauernkrapfen, probably more similar to doughnuts, are made of yeast dough, and have a thick outside ring, but are very thin in the middle. Variations on doughnuts are popular all over the world, where they are called by a wide variety of names, although the basic incarnation of fried sweet dough remains the same. The use of cider affects both the texture and flavor, resulting in a denser, moister product. 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