The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Both male and female plants produce spiky flowers called catkins that appear before the leaves come out. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human activities. It is one of three species in Populus sect. AKA Fremont's Cottonwood Fremont cottonwood has been used mainly in the past for fuel and fence posts. On female trees, cottony seeds which can number in the millions on mature trees follow from the catkins. The beautiful Fremont Cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape. Other Common Names: Cottonwood Comments: This is the common Cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona. In the United States, the species can be found in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.In Mexico, it can be found in the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Mexico State, and Puebla. It is also grown for ornamental plantings and windbreaks. A 1914 survey along the Gila River of Arizona showed 1,584 acres (641 ha) - 33% of the survey area - was occupied by Fremont and other cottonwoods. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. Fremont cottonwood was the most widespread riparian community of … Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States. Populus fremontii ssp. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Its principal uses today are for erosion control, wildlife food and shelter, and shade for livestock and recreation facilities. Alamo, or Fremont cottonwood (P. fremontii), tallest of the group, is found in southwestern North America. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Cahuilla tribes used the wood for mortars and tools. Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. Cottonwoods get their name from the profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring. Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Poplar is native to Europe and western Asia. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Trees are either male or female. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Plant type Deciduous tree Size 40′ – 60’x30′ or wider Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. 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