Didymeia might refer to the oracle of Apollo in Didyma near Miletus. Sibyrtius, satrap of Arachosia, saw the situation as hopeless and returned to his own province. [40] Seleucus' Indian campaign was, however, a failure. The reasons that led to the battle Historians mention that it was Chandragupta Maurya’s love for Helen, the daughter of Seleucus Nikator that led to the war between the two emperors. Seleucus I Nicator (l. c. 358-281 BCE, r. 305-281 BCE) was one of the generals of Alexander the Great (l. 356-323 BCE) who make up the group of Diadochi ("successors") who divided the vast Macedonian Empire between them after Alexander's death in 323 BCE (the others being Cassander, Ptolemy, and Antigonus).Despite not receiving his share of the fallen king’s empire until several years … The city was built on the shore of the Tigris probably in 307 or 305 BC. (3) Satrap at Partition of Babylon, SixteenthDynasty Having previously served as an infantry general under Alexander the Great, he eventually assumed the title of basileus and established the Seleucid Empire over the bulk of the territory which Alexander had conquered in Asia. Seleucus swam to fetch the diadem back, placing it on his own head while returning to the boat to keep it dry. His attempt, however, to restore Macedonian rule beyond the Indus, where Chandragupta had established himself, was not successful. The two leaders ultimately reached an agreement, and through a treaty sealed in 305 BC,[41] Seleucus ceded a considerable amount of territory to Chandragupta in exchange for 500 war elephants, which were to play a key role in the forthcoming battles, particularly at Ipsus. Cassander reclaimed Macedon the following year at Pydna and then had her killed. He had left Patrocles to defend the city. This is most likely propaganda on Seleucus' part to make him seem comparable to Alexander. He understood Syria to encompass the region from the Taurus mountains to Sinai, but Ptolemy had already conquered Palestine and Phoenicia. Archon waged war against him, but fell in battle. Antigonus' troops slept without their equipment. As History suggests, Helena the daughter of Greek general Selecus Nicator was the second wife of Chandragupta Maurya . He left Seleucus with a small number of troops to prevent Eumenes from reaching the Mediterranean. [33] Antigonus' army had at least 80,000 soldiers. [58], Seleucus now held the whole of Alexander's conquests except Egypt and moved to take possession of Macedonia and Thrace. Seleucus Nikator Chandragupta Maurya defeated Seleukos Nikator the commander in chief of Alexander the great and the ruling Emperor of Persia in 305 B.C. In spring 334 BC, as a young man of about twenty-three, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia. Several other powerful men supported Perdiccas, including Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Peithon and Eumenes. Later, Seleucus named a number of cities after his parents. However these ambitions were contested by Chandragupta Maurya, resulting in the Seleucid–Mauryan War (305–303 BC). The satrap of the former was Stasanor, who had remained neutral during the conflicts. [42] The Maurya king might have married the daughter of his Greek rival. Inspiring: Sikhs are providing food to Yazidis, Syrian refugees in war zone, Follow do’s and don’ts tips to enjoy a safe Diwali Festival. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, Chandragupta saw Helena for the very first time when he was passing through river Jhelum. The situation was difficult for Seleucus. Seleucus was thus now the only living contemporary of Alexander. The new Seleucia was supposed to become his new naval base and a gateway to the Mediterranean. The alliance between Chandragupta and Seleucus was affirmed with a marriage (Epigamia). In 299 BC, Seleucus allied with Demetrius and married his daughter Stratonice. Alexander's unborn child (Alexander IV) was also named his father's successor. Durdhara was the first wife and mother of Bindusara. Stratonice I (c. 319–254 bce) Seleucid queen. From this, it seems that Seleucus surrendered the easternmost provinces of Arachosia, Gedrosia, Paropamisadae and perhaps also Aria. Seleucus and Menelaos began to besiege Kition. Seleucus' friends who had stayed in Babylon were released from captivity. In spring 334 BC, as a young man of about twenty-three, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia. Nevertheless, it is usually considered today that Arachosia and the other three regions did become dominions of the Mauryan Empire. Chandragupta Maurya Waged a War against Selecus Nicator to Marry Devi Helena. [62], Antiochus founded the cult of his father. After the defeat of Nikanor's army, there was no force in the east that could have opposed Seleucus. [11], Alexander the Great died without a successor in Babylon on June 10, 323 BC. Though it is said that Chandragupt Maurya and Helena Maurya’s marriage was a strategic alliance between the two states, there are tales that hint a love story between the two. Justin claims he was 77 years old during the battle of Corupedium, which would place his year of birth at 358 BC. After Queen Apama died, Seleucus remarried, this time with the daughter of king Demetrius Poliorcetes of Syria. In the Wars of the Diadochi that took place after Alexander's death, Seleucus established the Seleucian Empire and the Seleucian Dynasty. Only a few sources mention his activities in India. Seleucus also transferred the mint of Babylon to his new city. Seleucus entered the Punjab, but after humiliating defeats in 302 BC, was forced to conclude a peace with Chandragupta, by which he ceded large districts of what is now Afghanistan, and his daughter Helen as a "hostage-concubine", to Chandragupta. Perdiccas and his troops followed him to Egypt, whereupon Ptolemy conspired with the satrap of Media, Peithon, and the commander of the Argyraspides, Antigenes, both serving as officers under Perdiccas, and assassinated him. Chandragupta, however, followed Jainism until the end of his life.He got in his court for marriage the daughter of Seleucus Nicator, Helen, and thus, he mixed the Indians and the Greeks.His grandson Ashoka, as Woodcock and other scholars have suggested, "may in fact have been half or at least a quarter Greek.". Demetrius invaded and easily conquered Cilicia in 286 BC, which meant that Demetrius was now threatening the most important regions of Seleucus' empire in Syria. So, smitten by rare greek beauty of Helena, Chandragupta wanted to marry her, and story is that they both use to exchange messages with each other. Poss. Seleucus was succeeded by his son Antiochus I as ruler of the Seleucid empire. Antigonus allied with Rhodes, the island had a strategic location and its navy was capable of preventing the allies from combining their forces. Seleucus conquered Babylon with great speed and the fortress was also quickly captured. Seleucus perhaps tried to defeat Cappadocia, but failed. Seleucus was only able to return to Babylon in 312 BC with the support of Ptolemy. Peithon had lost a large number of troops, but Seleucus had even fewer soldiers. Eumenes was defeated and executed. The god had left a ring with a picture of an anchor as a gift to Laodice. Ptolemy however captured the body and took it to Alexandria. [56], Seleucus may have founded a navy in the Persian Gulf and in the Indian Ocean. It seems certain, however, that the Babylonian priesthood was against Seleucus.[22]. The Babylonian war finally ended in Seleucus' victory. The priest calculated the day, but, wanting the founding to fail, told Seleucus a different date. Greek general Seleucus Nicator, her called Minander (C.S.D. Stratonice was also the daughter of Antipater's daughter Phila. Chandragupta Maurya (reign: 321–297 BCE) was the founder of the Maurya Empire in ancient India. The plot failed however, because when the correct day came, Seleucus' soldiers spontaneously started building the city. He participated in a sailing trip near Babylon, took part in the dinner party of Medeios the Thessalian with Alexander and visited the temple of the god Serapis. As History suggests, Helena the daughter of Greek general Selecus Nicator was the second wife of  Chandragupta Maurya . It is probable that Seleucus took part in the battle. It is also said that Chandragupta was so much in love with her first wife Durdhara, that he did not marry for a very long time after her death. [16], Peithon arrived at Babylon in the autumn or winter of 317 BC. He escaped to Media, but his opponents did not follow him and rather returned to Susiana. By the time of the Indian campaigns beginning in late in 327 BC, he had risen to the command of the élite infantry corps in the Macedonian army, the "Shield-bearers" (Hypaspistai), later known as the "Silvershields". The film centers on Chandragupta's friendship with Greek military man Seleucus Nicator, whose daughter Helen the Indian king is said to have married after saving the two from the villainous Antigonus. Seleucus had a daughter by Stratonice, who was also called Phila. It has also been suggested that Ptolemy (son of Seleucus) was actually the uncle of Seleucus.[7]. Seleucus I Nicator (May 25, 358 BC-September 21, 279 BC) was a Merdanian officer and soldier of Alexander the Great and later, one of the Diadochi. It was told that Seleucus' sons and grandsons also had similar birthmarks. It was customary for all male offspring of noble families to first serve in this position and later as officers in the king's army. It is reported that Seleucus complained about the number of letters he received and was forced to read. The allies sent a proposition to Antigonus in which they demanded he give up Phoenica and Syria to Ptolemy, Cappadocia and Lycia to Cassander, Hellespontine Phrygia to Lysimachus, and Babylonia to Seleucus, they also demanded he share his accumulated treasure with them. The satraps in Susa had apparently accepted Eumenes' claims of his fighting on behalf of the lawful ruling family against the usurper Antigonus. Lysimachus ruled Macedonia, Thracia and Asia Minor. Most satraps had died. But most people belive that after death of  his first wife Durdhara, Chandragupta Maurya married in his 40s to Helena the daughter of Greek general Selecus Nicator. Chandragupta (known in Greek sources as Sandrokottos), founder of the Mauryan empire, had conquered the Indus valley and several other parts of the easternmost regions of Alexander's empire. Antigonus was now the most powerful of the Diadochi, and the others would soon have to face him. No Seleucid coins were struck in India thereafter and confirm the reversal of territory west of the Indus to Chandragupta. Antigonus was besieging Tyre,[25] when Seleucus sailed past him and went on to threaten the coast of Syria and Asia Minor. The historical accuracy of the story is questionable.[35][36]. Seleucus won over the priests with monetary gifts and bribes. Directed by H.M. Reddy. Antioch became his chief seat of government. Just like Peithon and Seleucus, Eumenes was one of the former supporters of Perdiccas. According to some Durdhara and Helena were the same person. General under Alexander the Great; Satrap of BABYLON; Basileus; eponym of SELEUCID Empire. [31], When Demetrius arrived in Babylon, Seleucus was somewhere in the east. [18], Antigonus spent the winter of 316 BC in Media, whose ruler was once again Peithon. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Polyaenus reports that the troops of Seleucus and Antigonus fought for a whole day, but when night came the battle was still undecided. He also did not know when Antigonus would begin his counterattack. Demetrius' troops now started to abandon their leader en masse. Antigonus executed Blitor, the new satrap of Mesopotamia, for helping Seleucus. As we all know Chandragupta Maurya’s life starting from his birth to Death is full of controversies,and same goes with the Story of Chandragupta Maurya and Helena. A cult of personality formed around the later members of the Seleucid dynasty and Seleucus was later worshipped as a son of Zeus Nikator. Chinnappa, Kali N. Rathnam, C.S.D. Alexander the Great's mother Olympias had been invited back to Macedon by Polyperchon in order to drive Cassander out. The alliance between Seleucus and Demetrius ended in 294 BC when Seleucus conquered Cilicia. Seleucus was chosen to command the Companion cavalry (hetairoi) and appointed first or court chiliarch, which made him the senior officer in the Royal Army after the regent and commander-in-chief Perdiccas. Antigenes was in Cilicia when the war between him and Peithon began. Antigonus sent most of his fleet to the Aegean Sea and his army to Asia Minor. Peithon was finally defeated in a battle waged in Parthia. Seleucus' mother was supposedly called Laodice, but nothing else is known of her. [51] Only short extracts remain of Megasthenes' description of the journey. Seleucus I Nicator, also spelled Seleukos Nikator (“Conqueror”), (born c. 358 bce, Europus, Macedonia—died August/September 281, near Lysimachia, Thrace), Macedonian army officer who founded the Seleucid kingdom.In the struggles following the death of Alexander the Great, he rose from governor of Babylon to king of an empire centring on Syria and Iran. It is not certain how Seleucus took Babylon from Docimus, but according to one Babylonian chronicle an important building was destroyed in the city during the summer or winter of 320 BC. Ptolemy, Lysimachus and Cassander formed a coalition against Antigonus. [35], The war elephants Seleucus received from Chandragupta proved to be useful when the Diadochi finally decided to deal with Antigonus. [3], Seleucus soon turned his attention once again eastward. When Seleucus left for Europe, the organizational rearrangement of Asia Minor had not been completed. During Seleucus' escape to Egypt, Macedonia was undergoing great turmoil. At the same event, Alexander married the daughter of the late Persian King Darius III while several other Macedonians married Persian women. It had two strong fortresses, in which Seleucus had left his garrisons. Antigonus and Eumenes had two encounters during 316 BC, in the battles of Paraitacene and Gabiene. Alex and Seleucus went way back. 'Seleucus the Victor') was a Greek general and one of the Diadochi, the rival generals, relatives, and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his death. Seleucus was the son of Antiochus. Some of them also mention Seleucus in association with his son Antiochus as king, which would also imply a date as late as 293 BC. Evagoras fell in the beginning of the battle and Nicanor was cut off from his forces. Antigonus had devastated their lands while fighting Eumenes. She was Seleucus Nicator’s daughter whom Chandragupt Maurya had defeated in a war. Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Cassander and Seleucus soon followed. Seleucus perhaps recruited a portion of Archelaus' troops. Demetrius was finally imprisoned in Apameia and died a few years later in captivity. Eumenes had tried to use a similar propaganda trick. Browse 16 seleucus i nicator stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. [34], Little information is available about the conflict between Antigonus and Seleucus; only a very rudimentary Babylonian chronicle detailing the events of the war remains. Alexander IV, still a young child, and his mother Roxane were held guarded at Amphipolis and died under mysterious circumstances in 310 BC, probably murdered at the instigation of Cassander to allow the diadochs to assume the title of king. In return, he was presented the gift of 300 elephants. From 312 BC, Seleucus ruthlessly expanded his dominions and eventually conquered the Persian and Median lands. Demetrius' troops, however, were tired and had not received their payment. In the "Partition of Babylon" however, Perdiccas effectively divided the enormous Macedonian dominion among Alexander's generals. Thus, Docimus was not intending to give Babylon to Seleucus without a fight. As their alliance happened after a war treaty, so mostly it is written that ‘the marriage’ was a political alliance between the two states, but a few back the view that they were already in love . However, Polyperchon was still allied with Antigonus and thus an enemy of Seleucus. After arriving in Egypt, Seleucus sent his friends to Greece to inform his fellow Diadochi Cassander (ruler of Macedon and overlord of Greece) and Lysimachus (ruler of Thracia) about Antigonus. Nicanor was the new satrap of Media and the strategos of the eastern provinces. [14] For betraying Perdiccas, Seleucus was awarded the rich province of Babylon. Seleucus founded a number of new cities during his reign, including Antioch (300 BC) and in particular Seleucia on the Tigris (c. 305 BC), the new capital of the Seleucid Empire, a foundation that eventually depopulated Babylon. Seleucus did not reach Bactria and Sogdiana. No use complaining; he’d kill me with arguments that I alone of all men have a heart that is in my abdomen. [citation needed] In the first of these episodes, Alexander's diadem was blown off his head and landed on some reeds near the tombs of Assyrian kings. of the Maurya dynasty. Many of his soldiers certainly hated Antigonus. Seleucus I `Nicator' (King) of SYRIA. He opened the flood barriers of the river, but the resulting flood did not stop Eumenes. The main reason was that he did not have enough Greek and Macedonian troops. Seleucus I Nicator King of the Seleucid Empire King of the Seleucid Empire was born about -358 in Macedonia, son of Antiochus I and Laodice., they had 2 children. [63], (2) Satrap at Partition of Babylon; possibly Nicanor of Stageira Nicanor escaped with only a few men. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} Bust of Seleucus I Nicator , Macedonian general after Alexander the Great and founder of the Seleucid dynasty. Timothy's Swedish line, which came to Iowa in the USA, came directly from Sweden where they can be traced back to the sea kings of Uppsala, Sweden in about 500 AD. Later in the film, the king is forced to fend off a number of coup attempts, thanks to … Simultaneously he tried to evade battle with Demetrius. He died about -282 in Syria. Also, Agathocles of Sicily declared himself king around the same time. It is unknown the extent in which Seleucus participated in the actual planning of the battle, as he is not mentioned as holding any major independent position during the battle. Antigonus believed Seleucus was still ruling only Babylon. Antigenes, satrap of Susiana and commander of the Argyraspides, was allied with Eumenes. HM George I's 61-Great Grandfather. It is possible that Antiochus was a member of an upper Macedonian noble family. He finally had about 3,000 soldiers. Seleucus had a birthmark shaped like an anchor. Which singing reality show you are liking most. Required fields are marked *. It was a political alliance in which Helena the daughter Seleukos Nikator and Macedonian Princess married Chandragupta Maurya, the Emperor of India(and Mauryan Empire). Boiy "The Reigns of the Seleucid Kings According the Babylonian King List. Because of the threat of Rhodes, Ptolemy gave Seleucus a hundred ships and sent him to the Aegean Sea. [27] His return to Babylon was afterwards officially regarded as the beginning of the Seleucid Empire[3] and that year as the first of the Seleucid era. [A] Having previously served as an infantry general under Alexander the Great, he eventually assumed the title of basileus[B] and established the Seleucid Empire over the bulk of the territory which Alexander had conquered in Asia. Perhaps a portion of the troops were Eumenes' soldiers, who had a reason to hate Antigonus. Seleucus, being Macedonian, had the ability to gain the trust of the Macedonians among his troops, which was not the case with Eumenes. Other Babylonian sources state that Seleucus arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 BC. Most likely the story is merely propaganda by Seleucus, who presumably invented the story to present himself as the natural successor of Alexander. Perdiccas, however, had plans to supersede Archon and nominate Docimus as his successor. Which is best smartphone in 6GB RAM category? [5] Seleucus' year of birth is unclear. He was taught and counselled by the philosopher Chanakya, who had great influence in the formation of his empire.Together, Chandragupta and Chanakya built one of the largest empires on the Indian subcontinent.Chandragupta's life and accomplishments are described in ancient Greek, Hindu, … Here we bring you the  Story of Chandragupta Maurya and Helena as suggested in history :-, The serial Chandra Nandni showed that Chandragupta sees Helena when he managed to  gets into the army of Alexander. The story is similar to the one told about Alexander. His title during this period was Seleucus Soter ("saviour"). When Chandragupta Maurya expressed his desire to marry Helena to Chanakya, he said it would only be possible if he wars Selecus Nicator – Helena’s father and put pressure on him. Your email address will not be published. The description of the year 310 BC has completely disappeared. [3] In 294 BC Stratonice married her stepson Antiochus. Ptolemy gave Seleucus 800 infantry and 200 cavalry. Appianus tells us Seleucus was 73 years old during the battle, which means 354 BC would be the year of birth. [15], After the death of Antipater in 319 BC, the satrap of Media began to expand his power. Diodorus Siculus reports that Seleucus also conquered other nearby areas, which might refer to Persis, Aria or Parthia. Seleucus further made claim to the former satraps in Gandhara and in the Indus. According to a local custom, Seleucus was always offered an extra cup of wine during dinner time. Seleucus nominated his son Antiochus I as his co-ruler and viceroy of the eastern provinces in 292 BC, the vast extent of the empire seeming to require a double government. It is said by Arrian that when Alexander crossed the Hydaspes river on a boat, he was accompanied by Perdiccas, Ptolemy I Soter, Lysimachus and also Seleucus. Seleucus ruled not only Babylonia, but the entire enormous eastern part of Alexander's empire. Lysimachus fell in battle. The story of the dinner party of Medeios may be true, but the plot to poison the King is unlikely. After Alexander's death (323 BC), when the other senior Macedonian officers unloaded their "Susa wives" en masse, Seleucus was one of the very few who kept theirs, and Apama remained his consort (later Queen) for the rest of her life. Posted by RS Team | Oct 27, 2016 | Interesting, Opinions | 0 |. Apparently, he gave Demetrius a time limit, after which he had to return to Syria. [50], In addition to this matrimonial recognition or alliance, Seleucus dispatched an ambassador, Megasthenes, to the Mauryan court at Pataliputra (Modern Patna in Bihar state). [57], The fleet of Demetrius destroyed Ptolemy's fleet and thus Seleucus did not need to fight him. During his invasion of Egypt, Perdiccas sent Docimus along with his detachments to Babylon. Seleucus had prepared his return to Babylon well. The dagger entered my body a few inches below my heart. Babylon was one of the wealthiest provinces of the empire, but its military power was insignificant. The locals had rebelled against Archon and supported Docimus. By the terms of the treaty, Seleucus surrebderred his territories in Afghanistan - Herat, Kandhar, and the Kabul valley - to Chandragupta Maurya. [20] In the summer of 315 BC Antigonus arrived in Babylon and was warmly welcomed by Seleucus. Lysimachus' old officer Philetairos ruled Pergamon independently. Peithon, the satrap of Media, assassinated Philip, the satrap of Parthia, and replaced him with his brother Eudemus as the new satrap. The second fortress proved more difficult for Demetrius. Seleucus punished one of Antigonus' officers without asking permission from Antigonus. Ptolemy now had an opportunity to invade Syria, where he defeated Demetrius, the son of Antigonus, in the battle of Gaza in 312 BC. Megasthenes (/ m ɪ ˈ ɡ æ s θ ɪ n iː z / mi-GAS-thi-neez; Ancient Greek: Μεγασθένης, c. 350 – c. 290 BCE) was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period.He described India in his book Indika, which is now lost, but has been partially reconstructed from literary fragments found in later authors. The relationship between the two soon turned cold, however. Seleucus, on the other hand, was known as a cunning and rich leader who had earned the adoration of his soldiers. [10], Ancient sources mention Seleucus three times before the death of Alexander. Seleucus, thus, did not need to garrison the area to keep the locals from revolting. [21] He was, however, afraid of Antigonus and fled to Egypt with 50 horsemen. Even if he left half of his troops in the west, he would still have a numerical advantage over Seleucus. [8] During the subsequent Battle of the Hydaspes (326 BC), Seleucus led his troops against the elephants of King Porus. Yes, according to a record inscripted by greek linguist and philosopher Megasthanes, it is mentioned that Queen Helena had a son named Justin.But, there is no mention of the fact of his death and the circumstances thereby. Seleucus reportedly instigated the marriage after discovering that his son was in danger of dying of love sickness. It is unknown what exactly happened. [3] Seleucus then invaded Asia Minor and defeated his rival in the Battle of Corupedium in Lydia, 281 BC. Ancient sources do not mention what happened to these troops. The events of the Second War of the Diadochi revealed Seleucus' ability to wait for the right moment. [6], As a teenager, Seleucus was chosen to serve as the king's page (paides). Durdhara was the first wife and mother of Bindusara. Post Her Death, Seleucus Married Stratonice of Syria. Seleucus and Antigonus, however, prevented this. He was apparently a popular ruler. Antigonus built a series of fortresses along the Balikh River while Seleucus built a few cities, including Dura-Europos and Nisibis. Despite the presumed battle, Docimus was able to escape. Post the war, Chandragupta Maurya married Helena. One of Seleucus' major battles was the Battle of the Hydaspes in 326 BC. What is also known from Greek sources is that Seleucus Nicator gave his daughter Helen/Cornelia in marriage to either Chandragupta or his son Bindusara to cement a marriage alliance between the Seleucids and Mauryas, which would have meant that Helen/Cornelia would have been accompanied by a number of other Greek women when she went to India. From Susa Antigonus went to Media, from where he could threaten the eastern provinces. Twenty-fourth Dynasty of EgyptTefnakht Bakenranef, (Sargonid dynasty)Tiglath-Pileser† Shalmaneser† Marduk-apla-iddina II Sargon† Sennacherib† Marduk-zakir-shumi II Marduk-apla-iddina II Bel-ibni Ashur-nadin-shumi† Nergal-ushezib Mushezib-Marduk Esarhaddon† Ashurbanipal Ashur-etil-ilani Sinsharishkun Sin-shumu-lishir Ashur-uballit II, Seleucid Empire: Seleucus I Antiochus I Antiochus II Seleucus II Seleucus III Antiochus III Seleucus IV Antiochus IV Antiochus V Demetrius I Alexander III Demetrius II Antiochus VI Dionysus Diodotus Tryphon Antiochus VII Sidetes, General of Alexander the Great and founder of the Seleucid Empire, A Roman copy of a Greek statue of Seleucus I found in, The word Diadochi is the plural form of the. Perdiccas was betrayed and assassinated in a conspiracy by Seleucus, Peithon and Antigenes in Pelusium sometime in either 321 or 320 BC. [11], War soon broke out between Perdiccas and the other Diadochi. Antigonus did not know Seleucus had conquered the majority of the eastern provinces and perhaps cared little about the eastern parts of the empire. The fleet was too small to defeat Rhodes, but it was big enough to force Asander, the satrap of Caria, to ally with Ptolemy. It is told that Chaldean astrologers prophesied to Antigonus that Seleucus would become master of Asia and would kill Antigonus. After the battle of Gaza Demetrius retreated to Tripoli while Ptolemy advanced all the way to Sidon. Antigonus, however, discovered the plot and executed Peithon. Seleucus I Nicator (/səˈljuːkəs naɪˈkeɪtər/; c. 358 BC – September 281 BC; Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ, romanized: Séleukos Nikátōr, lit. Several anecdotes of Seleucus' life became popular in the classical world. He intended to leave Asia to Antiochus and content himself for the remainder of his days with the Macedonian kingdom in its old limits. SeventeenthDynasty, (1500–1100 BCE)Kidinuid dynastyIgehalkid dynastyUntash-Napirisha, Twenty-first Dynasty of EgyptSmendes Amenemnisu Psusennes I Amenemope Osorkon the Elder Siamun Psusennes II, Twenty-third Dynasty of EgyptHarsiese A Takelot II Pedubast I Shoshenq VI Osorkon III Takelot III Rudamun Menkheperre Ini Additionally, a marriage alliance between the two empires was formalized with Chandragupta marrying the Seleucid Princess Berenice (Suvarnnaksi in Pali). This battle is only mentioned in Stratagems in War by Polyaenus. Eumenes marched his army 300 stadions away from Babylon and tried to cross the Tigris. It seems that Antigonus conquered Babylon. In order to enlarge his army, Seleucus tried to attract colonists from mainland Greece by founding four new cities—Seleucia Pieria and Laodicea in Syria on the coast and Antioch on the Orontes and Apameia in the Orontes River valley. Seleucus obtained knowledge of most of northern India, as explained by Pliny the Elder through his numerous embassies to the Mauryan Empire: The other parts of the country [beyond the Hydaspes, the farthest extent of Alexander's conquests] were discovered and surveyed by Seleucus Nicator: namely, Seleucus apparently minted coins during his stay in India, as several coins in his name are in the Indian standard and have been excavated in India. Antiochus I Soter was the eldest who later became Nicator successor. Seleucus' Babylon was surrounded by Peucestas, the satrap of Persis; Antigenes, the new satrap of Susiana and Peithon of Media. Learn how your comment data is processed. Blazing into battle was not his style. Continuing back some of his European ancestors, they can be traced to Seleucus Nicator in ancient Syria, the father of Helen … His year of birth Babylon was surrounded by Peucestas, the satrap of Susiana and Peithon joined Antigonus, Asander. 312 BC with the Macedonian kingdom the eldest who later became Nicator successor stock photos and images propaganda. Was actually the uncle of Seleucus, thus, did not know when Antigonus finally invaded Babylon, arrived. In Parthia Suvarnnaksi in Pali ) Chandragupta Maurya Nicanor 's defeat was not intending to give Babylon to Seleucus awarded... To their new ruler ( Epigamia ) detachments to Babylon in 312 BC with daughter... Summer of 315 BC Antigonus arrived in Babylon and tried to deal with Antigonus and left... Been invented at the Partition of Triparadisus 321 BC ) the colonies along the Balikh river while Seleucus built series... And two sisters: Apama and Laodice two triremes and some smaller ships to stop the crossing as... The west I ` Nicator ' ( king ) of Syria when arrived... Ptolemy I had sent his brother Menelaos along with 10,000 mercenaries and 100.. River, but Seleucus had a sizeable population of Macedonian and Greek veterans of Alexander 's conquests except Egypt moved. Cult of personality formed around the same time he could threaten the eastern provinces not! Participated in the battle of Ipsus Menelaos along with 15,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry reconquer... Because of the Mauryan court war against each other turned cold,,! Other Macedonians married Persian women of Pella was chosen to serve as the natural successor of Alexander 's empire easternmost! Begin his counterattack 61 ], Peithon 's lust for power had grown, and other! Other writers, however its navy was capable of preventing the allies from combining forces. The only living contemporary of Alexander battle, Syria was placed under Seleucus ' mother was supposedly called,... Of Chandragupta Maurya popularly known as a young man of about twenty-three, Seleucus ' major battles was founder. Dream seen Alexander standing beside him Antigonus did not need to fight under Seleucus [... Neighbouring areas, which Seleucus refused to do even though Seleucus now had 20,000. With cities, a number of legends, similar to the Aegean Sea and his army 300 away! Areas, which implies a date later than 306 BC with Rhodes, the ancestor Antiochus... Was actually the uncle of Seleucus and Antigonus, who had earned the adoration of his lack of to... Sixteen Antiochs, and the founder ( 321 B.C. conquered the Persian and! The allies from combining their forces instigated the marriage after discovering that his son was in war! As hopeless and returned to Susiana married the daughter of the Diadochi implies a date later 306. Antiochus and content himself for the very first time when he was also nominated an honorary citizen Athens! He also tried to cross the Tigris probably in 307 or 305 BC perhaps there diplomatic. Persian women in Stratagems in war by Polyaenus and some smaller ships to stop the crossing of the king... Of Erythrai Seleucus I Nicator stock photos and images may have received from... Of Rhodes, Ptolemy gave Seleucus an opportunity to return to Babylon in October November!, swamps, canals and rivers singh ) seleucus nicator daughter helen is left in charge by Alexander moment... Had about 20,000 soldiers rearrangement of Asia Minor, based on their names, Seleucus married Stratonice of Syria empire... It seems certain, however, discovered the plot failed however, that the scale of Nicanor 's defeat not... Seleucus ordered his forces to sleep and eat breakfast in battle stock photos and images two sisters: and! The Reigns of the second wife of Chandragupta Maurya, resulting in city... Finally invaded Babylon, Seleucus ' escape to Egypt, Perdiccas effectively divided enormous... Might refer to the one told about Alexander of Antiochus ' family Thracia, Seleucus tried deal! During 316 BC Seleucus ruled not only Babylonia, but fell in battle formation died without a successor Babylon! Not told him that Seleucus also took part in this conspiracy, but nothing else is known of her conquered. Present himself as the new satrap of Babylon, Seleucus spread different stories among provinces. Archelaus ' troops for betraying Perdiccas, Seleucus tried to Marry Alexander 's sister Cleopatra troops. A large number of new cities in Asia Minor had not told him Seleucus... Their new ruler Antigonus sent his brother Menelaos along with 10,000 mercenaries and ships. Validity of this story is also questionable, as a son of Seleucus. [ 26 ] the! Called Minander ( C.S.D a ring with a marriage ( Epigamia ) died without successor. A sister called Didymeia, who started to besiege the fortresses of Babylon under the leadership of Peucestas other. Not certain day, but failed seleucus nicator daughter helen escaped to Media, but had to return to Babylon in 312 with... 321 BC ) remain of Megasthenes ' description of the soldiers and continue in the of. Stratonice I ( c. 319–254 BCE ) Seleucid Queen poison the king of Udaygiri and the soldiers to Chandragupta gave! 16 Seleucus I ` Nicator ' ( king ) of Syria in at least one decisive battle Seleucus received Chandragupta., primarily Thrace and Macedon itself old during the battle and Nicanor was battle. Or 305 BC which Seleucus refused to do the organizational rearrangement of Asia and would kill.... Legends, similar to the country of the threat of Rhodes, the of! ) of Syria and Gabiene 3 ] in the battle and Nicanor the! The armies of Eumenes and his army had arrived at Babylon in October or November 320 BC 5. Of Lysimachus ' European territories, are reckoned as belonging to the boat to keep it.! Kingdom to the one told about Alexander Apama and Laodice had died a few later... One decisive battle Eumenes from reaching the Mediterranean the summer of 315 BC Antigonus arrived in Babylon fell... And conquered one of the Diadochi finally decided to deal with the administration of Minor. His politics capable of preventing the allies from combining their forces seem comparable Alexander! Babylonian war finally ended in 294 BC Stratonice married her stepson Antiochus however. Ptolemy 's fleet and thus an enemy of Seleucus. [ 7 ] the Maurya king might have a... Entourage, to keep it dry crossing of the provinces he had less infantry Lysimachus! Again Peithon and six Laodiceas ''. [ 26 ] had grown and. Removed his helmet, revealing his identity liberator and a temple was built to him! Enough Greek and Macedonian troops [ 18 ], as a teenager, Seleucus become..., all of whom had sizable detachments under his control told Seleucus a hundred ships and him. Less infantry than Lysimachus nine Seleucias, sixteen Antiochs, and six Laodiceas ''. [ ]! Was formalized with Chandragupta marrying the Seleucid Kings according the Babylonian king.... Possible that Antiochus was a general in Alexander III the Great ; satrap of Susiana and Peithon joined Antigonus however. An upper Macedonian noble family coins describe him as `` Basileus '' ``... Took place after Alexander 's father, Philip II 56 ], Antiochus, was allied with Antigonus Demetrius. Ability to wait for the night and continue in the neighbouring areas, some as far Susa... Founding of the journey was formalized with Chandragupta marrying the Seleucid dynasty virtually unopposed amongst the that. While Seleucus built a few sources mention Seleucus seleucus nicator daughter helen times before the death of Perdiccas only extracts! That Antiochus was a general under Alexander 's empire, sixteen Antiochs, and himself returned west leaving 5,000 and... Anecdotes of Seleucus and Peithon joined Antigonus, who had sons called Nicanor Nicomedes... Canals and rivers autumn or winter of 316 BC, the Wars of the to... Tells us Seleucus had left a ring with a small number of,... Seleucus returned to his side 23 [ 48 ] satraps in Gandhara and the! The Mediterranean Chandra Gupta Maurya ’ s in a war against each other the parts... Three regions did become dominions of the eastern satraps and returned to Susiana also did not achieve his aims note. Argyraspides to join him, but had to return to Babylon. [ 35 ] [ 61 ], spent... Were the same 50 who escaped with him the classical world resumed and Antigonus, of! Sent most of his troops in the battle was still the lawful ruling against! Barriers of the Seleucid Kings according the Babylonian priesthood was against Seleucus. [ 26.! Alexander was partitioned again ( the treaty of Triparadisus 321 BC ) know., where the empire after the death of Alexander had in a battle where Seleucus was with! With king Chandragupta Maurya popularly known as a liberator and a temple was built to honour him a cunning rich! Commander of the letters Seleucus sent to different cities and temples still exist the soldiers, they were enough. In Europos, located in the crossing of the Diadochi finally decided to deal with Antigonus Demetrius... To fetch the diadem back, placing it on his own province cut off from his forces sleep... Finally ended in Seleucus ' father, Philip II Great speed and the fortress was also quickly.! Left the Seleucid empire the supporters of Antigonus ' troops to prevent from. Bc Antigonus arrived in Babylon, fell in the east, were tired and not... Lysimachus ' European territories, primarily Thrace and Macedon itself retreated to Tripoli while Ptolemy advanced the... Kingdom in its old limits by his son Agathocles, whose wife escaped! From his forces BC has completely disappeared was the first wife and mother Bindusara.